Supreme Court Overturns 9th Circuit’s Equal-Pay Decision

Judge died before opinion was legally issued…

Supreme Court Overturns 9th Circuit Equal-Pay Decision

Stephen Reinhardt/IMAGE: YouTube

(David G. Savage, Los Angeles Times) The Supreme Court on Monday overturned a 9th Circuit Court decision on equal pay because Judge Stephen Reinhardt from Los Angeles died 11 days before the ruling was announced.

“Federal judges are appointed for life, not for eternity,” the high court said in a brief, unsigned opinion.

During his long career, Reinhardt was a liberal leader of the 9th Circuit and voiced a certain pride in being reversed often by the more conservative Supreme Court.

On April 9, the 9th Circuit based in San Francisco issued an opinion in a Fresno school case that was written by Reinhardt and spoke for a 6-5 majority.

The opinion upheld an Equal Pay Act claim brought by a woman who alleged her starting salary was based unfairly on her pay level in a previous job.

Reinhardt died suddenly on March 29.

In a footnote, the 9th Court said, “Prior to his death, Judge Reinhardt fully participated in this case and authored this opinion. The majority opinion and all concurrences were final, and voting was completed by the en banc prior to his death.”

But lawyers for Jim Yovino, Fresno school superintendent, appealed, and the justices set aside the 9th Circuit’s ruling.

In Yovino vs. Rizo, the court said the 9th Circuit had not explained how the April 9 decision could be a “majority opinion” since it “was not endorsed by a majority of the living judges at the time of issuance.”

The justices had a similar recent experience.

In mid-February 2016, Justice Antonin Scalia died suddenly.

He had cast votes in a series of cases where the opinion was still pending at the time of death.

In several cases, the high court announced it was split 4-4 and could not issue a ruling.

Monday’s ruling makes clear that the votes of deceased judges cannot be used to decide cases.

Other than in this case, “we are aware of no cases in which a court of appeals panel has purported to issue a binding decision that was joined at the time of release by less than a quorum of the judges who were alive at the time.” Issuing a ruling written by Judge Reinhardt after his death “effectively allowed a deceased judge to exercise the judicial power of the United States after this death. But federal judges are appointed for life, not for eternity.”

©2019 Los Angeles Times. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.